Many hundreds of years before Jesus was born, the prophet Isaiah predicted the following about the Jewish messiah in chapter 53 of his book.
Is. 53:2 He has no form or comeliness;
And when we see Him,
There is no beauty that we should desire Him.
Nowhere in the New Testament is Jesus described physically. He was never spoken of as handsome or given any physical features that would describe Him as desirable. In fact, the local people in the town where he grew up hardly knew Jesus, for when He finally revealed Himself they asked, “Is this the carpenter’s son?” as if they had never really paid Him much attention.
Is. 53:3 He is despised and rejected by men,
A Man of sorrows and acquainted with grief.
And we hid, as it were, our faces from Him;
He was despised, and we did not esteem Him.
When Jesus died on the cross, He was indeed despised and rejected. Jesus spent the night before He died in sorrow and grief. His appearance was so disfigured that He did not look like a man. His disciples ran away and hid their faces from Him, and the Father clothed the noonday in darkness. Jesus was despised and not esteemed by the Jewish leaders, the Romans, and even His disciples left Him.
Is. 53:4-6 Surely He has borne our griefs
And carried our sorrows;
Yet we esteemed Him stricken,
Smitten by God, and afflicted.
5 But He was wounded for our transgressions,
He was bruised for our iniquities;
The chastisement for our peace was upon Him,
And by His stripes we are healed.
6 All we like sheep have gone astray;
We have turned, every one, to his own way;
And the LORD has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.
Fulfillment: Jesus died for the sins of the world, and carried our sorrows to the cross with Him. He was smitten and stricken, and our sins (transgressions) were the reason. He was not only bruised, but chastised. He was whipped, which created stripes on His back. This was done for our peace with God. All of us have walked away from God like wandering sheep, turning to our own way. The Father laid on Jesus the iniquity of all of us. Jesus literally fulfilled all these things.
Is. 53:7 He was oppressed and He was afflicted,
Yet He opened not His mouth;
He was led as a lamb to the slaughter,
And as a sheep before its shearers is silent,
So He opened not His mouth.
Fulfillment: When Jesus was accused, He remained silent and did not defend Himself. He did not speak when He was oppressed and afflicted, allowing Himself to be led to the slaughter of the cross like a lamb.
Is. 53:8 He was taken from prison and from judgment,
And who will declare His generation?
For He was cut off from the land of the living;
For the transgressions of My people He was stricken.
Fulfillment: Jesus was whipped in a Roman prison house. Further, He was cut off from the land of the living, and this was because of our sins.
Is. 53:9 And they made His grave with the wicked—
But with the rich at His death,
Because He had done no violence,
Nor was any deceit in His mouth.
Fulfillment: The Romans had prepared a mass grave for those who were killed by crucifixion, yet Jesus was buried in the tomb of a wealthy man, Joseph of Arimathea.
Jesus was the fulfillment of many other prophecies, which were all literally fulfilled.