Is all that exists God? Is it the case that everything that exists a part of God? Or part of “the one” of God? Is it the case that all people are of one being?
If this were the case, the following would be true:
- There would only be one being, and all of the material world would be part of that being.
- Separation would be an illusion. What we percieve as separated people and objects would be an illusion.
- We would all be God, and all the objects we see are equally part of God.
It cannot be the case that all is God, for the following reasons:
1. God either changes or not. If all were part of God, then God changes, for we are changing. This cannot be, for if God changed, then something other than God would have to cause God to change. But nothing is other than God, so we have a contradiction. On the other hand, if God does not change, then we are not God, since we change. In either case, all things are not shown to be God.
2. If we are God, we would know it, for God is all things, including knowledge. But all those who believe that they are part of God had to learn that they are God. Either God did not know something, in which case all things are not God. Therefore we are not God.
3. If we are God, how is it the case that so many people do not know they are God? How did they lose this knowledge?
4. If all that exists is part of God, then evil is part of God, for evil exists. But evil is a lack of good, a destroyer of good. So if both evil and good are part of God, then God cannot be all things for part of God creates and part destroys. God cannot be all evil, for evil is a lack, a destruction. If evil exists apart from God, then all is not God. In this scenario, God is limited at best, and at worst a contradiction. In either case, all is not God.
5. To say that God is infinite, yet shares his being with matter, is incoherent, for matter is limited.
The true solution to explaining the nature of God is found in the Bible. A great passage that explains the nature of God in some detail is Isaiah chapters 40 to 50. If we study these chapters, and others in the Bible, we find that:
- God is creator, we are creation, like a painter is to a painting.
- God is holy and good, all the time.
- God is infinite, and not limited.
- God is spirit, and not made of matter.
- God is all wise and all knowing.
Because humans and objects are none of these, God is separate and not a part of creation, although God is present in creation.