Question: The Bible talks about weeping and gnashing of teeth. Will people have teeth in Hell?
Response: The Bible teaches that there will be a physical, bodily resurrection for Christians, which is taught in 1 Corinthians 15. It also speaks of a physical, bodily resurrection for the non-Christians, which is taught in Revelation 20. One of the reasons why people have denied physical resurrection is a misunderstanding of the word “spiritual” in 1 Corinthians 15:44. But as the same author in the same book shows in 1 Cor. 10:3-4, the word spriritual does not mean “non-physical.” Solid, material, physical objects are referred to as spiritual. Therefore according to the Bible, the resurrection of the dead, both saved and lost, will be physical. However, Philippians 3:21 tells us that Christians’ bodies will be glorified and made like Jesus’ resurrected body. Jesus was able to eat food (Luke 24-41-42), pick up physical objects (Luke 24:30), and do all things a physical body can do.
Question: Will we have the ability to weep in the resurrected bodies?
Response: The Bible says God will “wipe away every tear” (Rev. 21:4) but this could possibly be a figure of speech, for there will be no agony in Heaven. Non-Christians will weep (Matt. 13:42, 50). As to the physical ability, there is no indication that resurrected bodies cannot do anything that it can do now. It would seem illogical that our resurrected bodies could do less than than our pre-resurrected bodies.
Question: Is “weeping and gnashing of teeth” literal or metaphorical in its intent?
Response: Even if it were to be metaphorical, it would represent a reality. Symbols represent something real. Therefore regardless of whether the language is symbolic, it means that there will be agony for the non-Christian in the afterlife.
Question: If people are given new bodies in Heaven, will there be new bodies in Hell?
Response: It is popular today in Christian circles to say we will get “new bodies.” However, the Bible does not teach that we will get new bodies, but that our old one will be raised and glorified. In 1 Corinthians 15, we are told 11 times directly and 3 times indirectly that the same body that was buried will rise again. The passage repeatedly says ‘it is sown, it is raised’ meaning the same body that was buried will rise again, but will be raised in an improved state. Therefore according to the Bible in 1 Corinthians 15, Christians will enjoy Heaven in our physical, resurrected bodies, and Revelation 20 tells us non-Christians will be in agony in Hell in their physical, resurrected bodies.
Question: Is it unjust to send people to Hell to be tormented for all eternity? Wouldn’t a good God merely forgive, or at least annihilate them, rather than see people in pain forever?
Response: This has been dealt with to a limited degree, see here. For more, see Geisler, Systematic Theology, Vol. 3.
Question: If a human dead body obviously decays, how can it be raised again?
Response: I have no idea. But I expect that the the God who made it in the first place can make it from the same particles again. However, the promise of resurrection is why Christians have always buried our dead, and not burned them.
Question: Who am I to say that God is unjust? What right does a mere creation have to protest against his Creator?
Response: Good question.