The eyewitness accounts of the Jesus’ resurrection say that Jesus’ had a thoroughly physical body. In fact, the reports say that it was the exact same physical body that died on the cross.
In Luke 24:39, Jesus appears to the disciples and tells them “See My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself; touch Me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have.” Jesus then takes a piece of broiled fish from them and ate it in their presence. Only a physical body could eat food and be handled.
In John 20:27, Jesus says to the disciples, “Reach here with your finger, and see My hands; and reach here your hand and put it into My side; and do not be unbelieving, but believing.” Thomas, who said he would only believe Jesus had risen from the dead if he could touch Jesus’ wounds in his physical body. Jesus must have known this, for He satisfied Thomas by appearing to him bodily and letting Thomas touch Him.
Much is made of the passage in John 20:26 where it says “Eight days later, his disciples were inside again, and Thomas was with them. Although the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them.” The implications from those who deny the physical resurrection is that this is supposed to somehow indicate that Jesus had a non-physical body. Many well-meaning people think this passage says that Jesus could walk through walls, and therefore somehow was non-physical. However, there are several alternatives. As Walter Martin pointed out, Jesus could have merely appeard in the room, for when a body moves from one dimension to two dimensions it does not go through anything, it merely moves there instantly; when a body moves from two dimensions to three dimensions, it does nto go through anything, it merely moves there instantly. Therefore when a body goes from three dimensions to four, it would not move through anything, it would merely move there instantly.
Next, we must look at what the passage says. It does not say that Jesus walked through walls, but merely says that He appeared to them when the door was locked. As already stated, He could have merely appeared in the space without going through anything. Jesus could also have done many things, such as knocked on the door. Much more likely, Jesus could have clouded the disciples’ understanding, something He did before the cross. For example, in Luke 4, Jesus had made the Jewish leaders so angry that they grabbed Him, brought them to the edge of a hill, and was about to kill Him by throwing Him off a cliff. But in Luke 4:30, Jesus merely passed through their midst, going away unharmed and untouched. Only by controlling people’s understanding could He have done such a thing. On another occasion in John 8:59, the Jewish leaders picked up stones to kill Jesus on the spot, but “Jesus hid himself and went out of the temple.” The Jewish leaders lived and worked in the temple, it is not practical to believe that Jesus could hide behind a pillar so that they could not see Him. Rather, Jesus clouded the Jews’ minds so that they could not see Him. In Luke 24:45 Jesus opened men’s understanding so that they could percieve. Luke 24:31 says that the disciples “eyes were opened” so that they could recognize Jesus. Saying “eyes were opened” is a passive voice phrase, meaning someone else did the action to the disciples. Specifically, God had clouded their eyes prior to that, and opened them at this point.
Therefore nothing in the scriptures indicate that Jesus’ body was non-physical either before or after the resurrection. In fact, the eyewitness accounts say that Jesus resurrected body was physical, it was seen by eyewitnesses, handled by the disciples, and still had the wounds that Jesus received on the cross.
Whether we accept it or not, the Bible teaches that Jesus resurrected body was physical.